I’ve wasted more time than I care to admit reinventing these wheels. These utilities are all small and well documented. Just use them.

1. NumeralJS

Ever written code to format 31235892 as “31,235,892” or “$31.2m”? This is a simple as:

var numeral = require('numeral');
numeral(31235892).format('$0.0a');  // $31.2m

NumeralJS has support for localization and can parse strings like “32m” back into numbers.

2. MomentJS

Formatting and manipulating dates creates confusing and bug-ridden code like:

var yesterday = new Date();
yesterday.setDate(yesterday.getDate() - 1);

MomentJS makes this all ridiculously easy:

var yesterday = moment().subtract(1, 'days');

Or better still:

var trialMessage = "Your trial expires in " + moment(expirationDate).fromNow();
// "Your trial expires in 14 days"

MomentJS also has support for localization so you can delight your international customers like a pro.

3. UnderscoreJS

Underscore is a great way to avoid boilerplate code when manipulating arrays and objects. For example:

// remove duplicate values
values = _.uniq(values);

// sort by all the user objects by the 'name' field
users = _.sortBy(users, 'name');

// remove null/empty values from the list
names = _.compact(names);

// get all of the values from an object
var values = _.values(myObject);

Nothing complicated, just the sort of code you shouldn’t bother reinventing.

4. async

Async simplifies many common node practices like calling functions in parallel or series and handling their errors. For example we can simplify this indentation pyramid:

User.findOne({name: 'Helen'}, function(err, user) {
  if (err) {
  } else {
    Account.findOne({user_id: user._id}, function(err, account) {
    if (err) {
    } else {
      makeAnApiCall(account, function(err, response) {
        if (err) {
        } else {
          callback(null, response);

to a simple list async.waterfall call:

  function(next) {
     User.findOne({name: 'Helen'}, next);

  function(user, next) {
    Account.findOne({user_id: user._id}, next);

  function(account, next) {
    makeAnApiCall(account, next);
], callback);

5. Commander

Add proper command-line arguments to your scripts in Node:

Commander = require('commander');
  .option('--user-id <id>', 'user id to retrieve')

userId = Commander.userId;

Commander automatically fills in the –help:

$ coffee my_script.coffee --help

Usage: my_script.coffee [options]


  -h, --help         output usage information
  --user-id <id>     user id to retrieve

6. Request

Request is more than a nice-to-have, it’s practically a requirement for making HTTP requests in Node. The library lets you make simple GET requests easily:

var request = require('request');
request('http://www.google.com', function (error, response, body) {

And it supports advanced options like multi-part POSTs, streaming, and more.

7. Helmet

Helmet adds security best practices to your Express app painlessly, without requiring you to muck with headers and the various browser compatibility. For example:

var helmet = require('helmet');
app = express();

// use default security settings

// or enable one at a time
app.use(helmet.hsts());  // HTTP Strict Transport Security

To quickly check your site’s security headers and settings, try the free ExtensionRecx Security Analyser Chrome Extension.

8. Stream Worker

Stream Worker simplifies the routine task of processing a Node stream. For example, iterating over a large results from MongoDB:

// stream over all users
var stream = Users.find().stream();
var processUser = function (user, callback) { ... };
StreamWorker(stream, CONCURRENCY, processUser, callback);

StreamWorker handles the pause() and resume() in the stream as well as handling any errors, including thrown Exceptions.

9. Colors

Running tests is always fun with nyan cat!

Okay, you may not need to add colors to your console output, but it’s definitely fun. Colors saves you the hassle of dealing with ANSI color codes:

var colors = require('colors');
console.error("make this text red".red);

10. ShouldJS

ShouldJS helps you add clear assert statements to your unit tests while eliminiating lots of boilerplate. Some examples:

functionToTest(function(err, user) {

  // easy static asserts

  // and easy object-oriented checks
  user.should.have.property('name', 'Expected Name');

  // assertions can easily be chained in a nice readable format


ShouldJS plugs smoothly into test frameworks like mocha and you can choose whether to write simple asserts or fully English-like semantic assertions.